Technical Information: Economy:
Our thriving, sustainable economy conserves and grows our natural assets

Last updated: 04 November 2021

Natural capital accounts

Indicator Updated: 26 April 2022

Year Value of Natural Capital (M£)
1998 1883.28
1999 1452.79
2000 1669.55
2001 1527.15
2002 1602.13
2003 1879.65
2004 1928.07
2005 1494.87
2006 1604.44
2007 1771.30
2008 1799.94
2009 1521.34
2010 1964.10
2011 4054.10
2012 3769.13
2013 3641.31
2014 3971.20
2015 3622.03
2016 4746.00
2017 3995.37
2018 3986.11

This indicator reports the annual monetary flows of the services supplied by Scotland’s natural capital, excluding flows created by fossil fuels. Natural capital accounts are reported under three categories – provisioning services that create products such as food, water and minerals, regulating services such as air pollution removal and carbon sequestration, and cultural services such as recreational use of nature.

The accounts give estimates of the quantity and value of services supplied by Scottish natural capital covering: agricultural biomass, fish capture, timber, water abstraction, minerals, renewable energy, carbon sequestration, air pollution removal, noise mitigation, urban cooling and recreation. Several ecosystem services are not measured in this assessment, so the monetary accounts should be interpreted as a partial or minimum value of Scottish natural capital.

Source: The data is produced by the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and published by the Scottish Government. These are experimental statistics and remain under development. The most recent natural capital accounts report is available here.

Update Frequency: Annual

Further Information: NA




Natural capital asset index

Indicator Updated: 30 May 2022

Year Natural Capital Assest Index (relative to 2000) (-)
2000 100.0
2001 100.2
2002 100.5
2003 100.7
2004 100.9
2005 101.2
2006 101.3
2007 101.2
2008 101.0
2009 100.6
2010 100.0
2011 99.5
2012 99.3
2013 99.5
2014 100.0
2015 100.8
2016 101.4
2017 102.1
2018 102.5
2019 102.6
2020 102.8

This National Performance Framework indicator measures the ability which our natural assets have to provide ecosystem services to society (through measurements of their quantity and quality) now and into the future. The Natural Capital Asset Index (NCAI) is a composite index, based (i.e. equal to 100) in the year 2000.

It is recognised that at this point in time, the NCAI still requires further development and refinement. Scottish Government will continue to work closely with key stakeholders over time to develop the NCAI and other potential future measures

Source: The data is published by NatureScot. The most recent Natural Capital Asset Index report is here.

Update Frequency: Annual

Further Information: Natural Capital Asset Index indicator information is available on the National Performance Framework website. In addition, NatureScot have a Natural Capital Asset Index story map.