Child poverty summary
Published on 25 March 2021. Next update: March 2022
The Child Poverty Act 2017 contains four income-based targets to reduce child poverty in Scotland by 2030. The charts show the interim and final targets and the latest poverty estimates and trends. Note that the dots and labels show single-year estimates and the lines show the three-year averages. Single-year estimates give the latest best estimates, and three-year averages show trends more accurately.
The charts show that relative and absolute child poverty fell between 1994/95, when data collection began, and 2011/12. Since then, relative child poverty has been gradually increasing while absolute child poverty remained largely stable. Child material deprivation has been measured since 2004 with no obvious long-term trend, and persistent poverty has been measured since 2010. In recent years, child material deprivation has been broadly stable at a level considerably higher than the targets, and persistent poverty has started to gradually increase, moving further away from the targets.
= low income relative to the rest of society
Combined low income and material deprivation
= unable to afford basic necessities
= low living standards relative to 2010/11
= in poverty for several years
More information and further child poverty analysis is available.