Last updated: 20 October 2021

Here is an overview of current evidence for direct and indirect health impacts, and social and economic impacts, of COVID-19. These indicators have been chosen as representing key aspects of each harm.

If you hover over each graph, you can see figures for specific days or weeks.

If you are interested in learning more about this evidence, go to ‘detailed analysis’.

You can also find a list of key dates on the homepage.

R number

As per data published on 14 October the latest R value in Scotland was estimated to be between 0.8 and 1.0.

New infections

As per data published on 14 October COVID-19 incidence in Scotland was estimated to be between 94 and 142 new daily infections per 100,000 people.


Daily COVID-19 cases have fluctuated in the last week. Average weekly cases peaked on 6 September and decreased to 2,491 average reported cases per day on 17 October.


Last week there were 139 deaths involving COVID-19, up by 8 on the previous week.

COVID-19 hospital admissions

COVID-19 weekly average hospital admissions reached a peak of 161 on the 13 September and have decreased since then.

A&E attendances

A&E attendances have decreased in the last month.

Excess deaths

Deaths are 23% above average levels for this time of year.

Emergency admissions

Emergency admissions have fluctuated throughout September

Planned admissions

Planned hospital admissions have fluctuated throughout September

People avoiding contacting GPs

A substantial minority are reluctant to contact a GP practice at the moment for immediate non-COVID-19 health concerns.


The percentage of school openings with pupils not in school because of COVID-19 related reasons has decreased since 10 September and has levelled off over the week to 8 October.

Crisis grants

Scottish Welfare Fund crisis grant applications were 5% higher in July 2021 than in July 2020


Recorded crime in August 2021 was lower than both August 2019 and August 2020.


Around half of people report feeling lonely.

Trust in Scottish Government

There are consistently high levels of trust in the Scottish Government.

Perceived threat to jobs

1 in 5 employees are worried about the threat COVID-19 poses to their job.


The number of people saying they are concerned about people contracting or spreading COVID-19 on public transport remains high.

Monthly Business Turnover Index (MBTI)

Business turnover in March is at a similar level to the same month last year.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Scotland's GDP grew 0.9% in June.


Scotland's unemployment rate was 4.3% in April - June.

Claimant Count

Scotland's Claimant Count was 176,000 in July.