Last updated: 19 October 2020

Here is an overview of current evidence for direct and indirect health impacts, and social and economic impacts, of COVID-19. These indicators have been chosen as representing key aspects of each harm.

If you hover over each graph, you can see figures for specific days or weeks.

If you are interested in learning more about this evidence, go to ‘detailed analysis’.

R number

On 14 October, R in Scotland was estimated to be between 1.3 and 1.6.

New infections

As of 14 October COVID-19 incidence in Scotland was estimated to be between 96 and 347 new daily infections per 100,000 people.


The number of new COVID-19 cases has increased over the last 11 weeks.


Fewer people are dying of COVID-19 since a peak in April.

COVID-19 hospital admissions

COVID-19 hospital admissions are considerably lower than the peak in April, but have increased in recent weeks.

A&E attendances

A&E attendances fell after lockdown but have increased since the end of March.

Excess deaths

Deaths are 1% below the normal level.

Emergency admissions

After lockdown there was a fall in emergency admissions. Since 29 March, admissions have increased.

Planned admissions

After lockdown there was a fall in planned hospital admissions. Since 19 April, admissions have increased.

People avoiding GPs or hospitals

People have been reluctant to go to a GP or hospital for immediate non-COVID-19 health concerns, but are becoming more willing to.


On 14 October the percentage of school openings where pupils were not in school for COVID-19 related reasons was 2.3%.

Crisis grants

Scottish Welfare Fund crisis grant applications were 14% higher in August 2020 than in August 2019


Since lockdown there has been an overall reduction in crime recorded by police.


People report high levels of loneliness, even as restrictions on socialising have eased slightly.

Trust in Scottish Government

There are consistently high levels of trust in the Scottish Government.

Perceived threat to jobs

Around one quarter of employees are worried about the threat COVID-19 poses to their job.


The number of people saying they are concerned about people contracting or spreading COVID-19 on public transport remains high.

Monthly Business Turnover Index (MBTI)

Turnover has strengthened but remains below pre-pandemic levels.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

GDP has strengthened in recent months following unprecedented falls in output.


Unemployment was unchanged over the quarter to June to August.

Claimant Count

The Claimant Count has increased sharply since March.