Last updated: 09 March 2022

Here is an overview of current evidence for direct and indirect health impacts, and social and economic impacts, of COVID-19. These indicators have been chosen as representing key aspects of each harm.

If you hover over each graph, you can see figures for specific days or weeks.

If you are interested in learning more about this evidence, go to ‘detailed analysis’.

You can also find a list of key dates on the homepage.

R number

The latest modelled estimate for the R value in Scotland was between 0.9 and 1.1.

New infections

The latest modelled estimate for the incidence of new daily infections in Scotland was between 246 and 526 new infections per 100,000 people.


The PHS case data presented below now includes both new infections and possible reinfections. Please see the methodology section for more information. Average daily cases by specimen date (including reinfections) have increased in the latest week, after a period of slow decrease since mid-January. There were 7,563 average daily cases in the week to 3 March 2022, compared to 6,473 in the week to 24 February.


In the week 28 February to 6 March 2022, there were 110 deaths involving COVID-19, an increase of 30 on the previous week.

COVID-19 hospital admissions

Average daily hospital admissions have levelled off in the latest month with 101 average admissions in the week ending 25 February 2022.

A&E attendances

A&E attendance levels have been relatively stable in the last month.

Excess deaths

Deaths are 3% above average levels for this time of year.

Emergency admissions

Emergency hospital admission levels have decreased in the last month.

Planned admissions

Planned hospital admission levels have fluctuated in the last month.

People avoiding contacting GPs

A substantial minority are reluctant to contact a GP practice at the moment for immediate non-COVID-19 health concerns.


The percentage of school openings with pupils not in school because of COVID-19 related reasons decreased between late-January and mid-February, before levelling off in the latest two weeks.

Crisis grants

Scottish Welfare Fund crisis grant applications increased by 16% in December 2021 compared to December 2020.


Recorded crime in January 2022 was higher than January 2021, but lower than January 2020.


Around half of people report feeling lonely.

Trust in Scottish Government

There are consistently high levels of trust in the Scottish Government.

Perceived threat to jobs

1 in 5 employees are worried about the threat COVID-19 poses to their job.


The number of people saying they are concerned about people contracting or spreading COVID-19 on public transport remains high.

Monthly Business Turnover Index (MBTI)

Business turnover in March 2021 is at a similar level to the same month last year.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Scotland's GDP fell by 0.4% in December 2021.


Scotland's unemployment rate was 4.1% in October to December 2021.

Claimant Count

Scotland's Claimant Count was 140,500 in January 2022.